Climate Security: Building National Security
Climate change presents the greatest challenge of our time. It is a national security threat that America’s military, and militaries around the world are taking seriously. We are entering into the Age of Consequences.
Climate change alone will not cause wars, but it serves as an “Accelerant of Instability” or a “Threat Multiplier” that makes already existing threats worse. The threat of global warming for security will manifest through a range of effects: resource scarcity, extreme weather, food scarcity, water insecurity, and sea level rise will all threaten societies around the world. Too many governments are not prepared for these threats, either because they do not have the resources or because they have not planned ahead. How societies and governments respond to the increase in instability will determine whether climate change will lead to war. We’re really talking about violent events that require less organization like protests, riots and strikes.
- The science is definitive enough for action. We cannot wait until you have 100% certainty before acting.
- Climate change alone will not cause war, but it serves as an “accelerant of instability” that makes already existing threats worse.
- Global threats include: migration, conflict over scarce resources, reduced food production, water insecurity, and others.
- The military is preparing for climate change by, studying potential threats, and preparing to deploy when needed.
A perfect example of a national security treat was the Arab Spring. The terrific drought that struck that entire region in 2010 had global ramifications. It was especially disastrous for Egypt. The drought caused Russia and other exporters to end wheat exports. Somewhat unexpected, it made a major contribution to the blossoming of the Arab Spring. The country has only been able to sustain about half its needs. True, there was also a desire to embrace democracy, but that wasn’t what really drove the masses: it was the lack of wheat.
Traditionally, most of the people in the Sahel have been semi-nomads, farming and raising livestock in a system of transhumance, which is probably the most sustainable way of utilizing the Sahel. The Sahel, home to some 232 million people, comprising portions of ten (10) African countries, from left to right: [northern] Senegal, [southern] Mauritania, [central] Mali, [northern] Burkina Faso, [southern] Algeria, [southwestern] Niger, [northern] Nigeria, [central] Chad, [central] Sudan and [northern] Eritrea.
Contrast the situation in Ethiopia where these conditions are almost identical to Somali and South Sudan, which both have very poor governance. Ethiopia on the other hand is an active participant in the international climate change process of the UNFCCC, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change involved with risk mitigation and farmer adaptation. Generally, Ethiopia has not suffered in the same way as both South Sudan and Somali.
WHAT TO DO?
Some of the most profound and direct impacts of climate change over the next few decades will be on agricultural and food systems. Increasing temperatures and declining precipitation over semiarid regions are likely to reduce yields for corn, wheat, rice, and other primary crops in the next two decades. . In currently food-insecure regions, farming is typically conducted manually, using a hoe and planting stick with few inputs. These changes have pushed up supply costs for staple foods by 40% or more in many food-insecure areas. Recent large increases in grain prices reduce access to food for the poor.
Deep transformation will also need to involve millions of food producers in adapting to climate change impacts. The sheer number of smallholder farm families in developing countries – some 475 million – justifies a specific focus. Smallholders’ adaptation to climate change risks will be critical for global poverty reduction and food security. For example, sowing fast-growing crop cultivars that mature quickly can work wonders amid drought conditions, but only if seeds are widely available.
Sahel countries in race against time to regreen Africa’s spreading desert
Tropical forests are affected more by changes in the water availability and CO² fertilization than by temperature changes. There is lower growth and higher mortality in the dry season relative to the wet season. Seedlings of drought-sensitive species are unable to persist.
Some 166 million hectares of land have been identified for restoration in the survey – nearly three times the size of Kenya or France.
To halt and reverse the impact of decades of overgrazing and deforestation, around 10 million hectares will need to be restored each year, according to the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), which published the map.
We can combine traditional techniques to harvest water during the rainy season – but we are also can use tractors and mechanical ploughs so we can implement the work faster and cover bigger areas.
Smallholders engaged in forest land restoration are able to harvest diverse products ranging from non-timber forest products (NTFPs) used for food to non-edible forest products (non-food forest products), fodder for livestock, small wildlife, and crops including cereals and legumes, produced at the edges of the restoration area.
Some agroforestry systems use the leaves of nitrogen-fixing leguminous trees to feed cattle, use manure to fertilize the soil, and grow pulses to provide extra protein during periods of seasonal food insecurity.
MORE CLIMATE FINANCE IS NEEDED
Even the widespread adoption of climate-smart, sustainable agriculture may fall short of what is needed to meet global climate targets. About one-third of all food produced in the world is lost or wasted post-harvest. MORE CLIMATE FINANCE IS NEEDED to fund developing countries’ planned actions on climate change in agriculture. Climate finance can also act as a catalyst to leverage larger flows of public and private funding for sustainable agriculture.
In terms of timing, the political time [that it takes to address climate change issues] is way too slow and often falls way too short of what we need. Even the Paris Agreement, by most estimates we are still looking at 3.5 degrees Celsius warming above the 2-degree limit. Also, it’s all voluntary.
Time is the most precious resource. It is the one thing that cannot be replenished. We know climate change is happening; we know that a large part of it is irreversible and it would be a shame if we waited for cataclysmic disaster to try and act. The time to invest in agriculture and rural development is now.
Agroforestry could help solve Climate Change.
HELPING SOLVE WORLD’S CARBON POLLUTION
A Full Scale Aquaponic Tree Nursery in Africa supported by:
- A Micro Hydro Electric System: no dams: HugENERGY.us
- An Irrigation System: NORTHydro.com
- A Rabbit and Fish Farm: AfriCAPITALISM.us
- An Agroforestry Intercrop System: LivingWaterIs.com
- The Charitable Arm: SunnyUp.net
- God’s Loveletters: Godloveletters.com
- Thunder of Justice: ThunderofJustice.com
- Deliverance Is: DeliveranceIs.com
Stage 1 Agricultural Mechanization of Africa
Stage 2 Today’s Tall Trees Nursery: Carbon Tax Fund
Stage 3 Micro Finance & Landlord Cooperatives
Stage 4 Irrigation in Remote Areas using kinetic energy from moving water.
Stage 5 Electricity Created in Remote Areas using moving water without the use of a dam.
Here is how we begin OUR REVOLUTION.