Preventing deforestation is our best chance to conserve wildlife and defend the rights of forest communities. It’s one of the quickest and most cost effective ways to curb global warming.
Worldwide, two billion hectares of land are currently degraded – an area larger than South America. Of this, 500 million hectares are abandoned agricultural land.
The amount of under-utilized and degraded land available in the region to accommodate for future agricultural expansion is estimated at 0.7-1 million hectares.
The Suitability Mapper enables users to identify potentially suitable sites for sustainable palm oil production in the following area:
How do we prevent further deforestation?
It is still economically valuable to clear the forest for plantations. As current agricultural land becomes more and more degraded, producers move on to pristine, more productive land, with often harmful consequences such as the loss of forest cover.
If we’re going to stop deforestation, we need governments to do their part. That starts with cracking down on corruption and ensuring fair enforcement of forest conservation rules. Corruption fuels illegal logging and unsustainable forest management.
What is behind DEFORESTATION?
In its fervor to secure timber, China is increasingly seen as a predator on the world’s forests.
More than half of the timber now shipped globally is destined for China. But unscrupulous Chinese companies are importing huge amounts of illegally harvested wood, prompting conservation groups to step up boycotts against rapacious timber interests.
What Lies Behind the Recent Surge of Amazon Deforestation
One factor is the new Forest Code, which became law in 2012. It weakens critical environmental protections and also offers an amnesty for all those who violated environmental laws before 2008. So if you cleared illegally, you got away with it. And the expectation is that if you clear illegally now, sooner or later there will be another amnesty that will forgive your past crimes.
The Global Mechanism (GM) of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) has established the LDN Fund to answer precisely this challenge.
The LDN Fund is designed to act as a coordination platform for blended finance, established as a Public-Private Partnership (PPP) among private institutional investors, international finance institutions and donors.
It supports the transition to LDN through land rehabilitation while generating revenues for investors from sustainable production on rehabilitated land.
The Fund seeks to mobilize US$2 billion annually, with a potential total of $50 billion over 20 years.
Through public and private investments, the LDN Fund will promote the rehabilitation of a minimum of 12 million hectares of degraded land a year.
The goal is for the LDN Fund to turn stranded land assets into productive ones, enabling landowners and land users to establish or expand profitable and sustainable business models on land that was formerly degraded, under-performing or abandoned.
Initial success will mean slowing and eventually halting the trend of global land degradation. However, the LDN Fund ’s disruptive potential lies in its role as a catalyst for the replication of efforts across developing and developed countries so that the two billion hectares of land already degraded can be reclaimed, too.
The official launch of the LDN Fund at COP21 in Paris in 2015 could just be the game changer needed on the road to sustainable land management. This fund will finance rehabilitation operations and support innovative strategies.
LND estimates that the average cost of land rehabilitation is $100- $150/ha. In Africa, five countries have voluntary committed to LND: Algeria, Chad, Ethiopia, Namibia and Senegal.
Our calculations are based on $15/ton as opposed to their $10/ton: our cost estimate is actually $250/ha.
Enter the Carbon Tax Fund
500 trees/hectare will yield 50 tons of Carbon from branches and weeds or (50 tons x ⅓) 16.7 tons of CO2 emission absorption: each tree absorbs 65.6 lbs of CO2 /year from its biochar.
On a 1.5 acre farm of 300 trees:
- There will be 10 tons/year of CO2 emission absorption: at the rate of $15/ton, the Net Present Value (NPV) is $150/year (at the rate of $100/acre).
- The Carbon Tax Fund can support 300 trees for a total cost of $150/year for a period of 25 years plus an initial $450:
- There will be 300 trees with a NPV of $0.50: at the rate of $15/ton, the Net Present Value (NPV) is $150/year.
- Add $1.00/tree for reporting and auditing for 25 years (that’s a one-off total – not per year): $300 to be monitored by Living Water MicroFinance Inc. for 25 years.
There is a stipulation that all biomass on the 1.5 acre farm will be converted to biochar every year. The calculations for one acre is $100/year for biochar support of 200 trees and $300 initial support for the NPV of 200 trees ($100) and the reporting and auditing over 25 years ($200).
This Carbon Tax Fund Support will be converted into microfinance assistance. Each $150/farm/year will be recycled nine times for a total of $1,350.
The women farmers and their families maintain this agroforest farms by planting vegetable like yam in between the new tree seedlings. The microfinance loan is due after the harvest. The original fruit and nut tree seedlings along with nitrogen fixing trees are supplied by Today’s Tall Tree Nursery.
The tree nursery funding will be supported by $300 NPV and Biochar charges/acre. The $80,000 Today’s Tall Tree Nursery will be supported by 267 acres or 106 hectare (0.4 square miles).
Agroforestry could help solve Climate Change.
HELPING SOLVE WORLD’S CARBON POLLUTION
A Full Scale Aquaponic Tree Nursery in Africa supported by:
- A Micro Hydro Electric System: no dams: HugENERGY.us
- An Irrigation System: NORTHydro.com
- A Rabbit and Fish Farm: AfriCAPITALISM.us
- An Agroforestry Intercrop System: LivingWaterIs.com
- The Charitable Arm: SunnyUp.net
- God’s Loveletters: Godloveletters.com
- Thunder of Justice: ThunderofJustice.com
- Deliverance Is: DeliveranceIs.com
Stage 1 Agricultural Mechanization of Africa
Stage 2 Today’s Tall Trees Nursery: Carbon Tax Fund
Stage 3 Micro Finance & Landlord Cooperatives
Stage 4 Irrigation in Remote Areas using kinetic energy from moving water.
Stage 5 Electricity Created in Remote Areas using moving water without the use of a dam.