HUG IRRIGATION

HUG IRRIGATION

AFRICA IRRIGATION AND OUR MISSION 

Our mission is to be the best in the world in micro hydro electric and water resource management: by evolving innovative damless hydroelectric and irrigation technology. We create Today’s Tall Tree Nurseries to support Micro Finance for women farmers and their families using the Carbon Tax Fund, a new form of foreign aid. We export Mechanization into Africa for more productive agriculture.

Mountain Water Transfer: Secret to Longer Life

What we really wish to do is to transfer mountain water to populated cities and towns. We want to make an investment in good health more than a savings in money but a savings in years of life.

What water should we be drinking? Not polluted water: we don’t drink it and we don’t swim in it. Chlorine is not particularly good for your body – it has been linked to a variety of cancers – but it does kill the microorganisms that can make you violently ill. The absolute best thing about tap water is that it’s cheap – relatively speaking.

Let’s think out of the box: lets bring fresh mountain water into the cities by a Special Long-Distance HUG Pipeline. In the end, you are not spending money that you will never get back: you are putting your money into a “bank” — the bank of your body and longer life. The HUG Water Transfer System of fresh mountain water makes it happen.

HUG OVERLAND PIPELINE

HUG Pipeline Extrusion Trailer
HUG Pipeline Extrusion Trailer

The new patented pipeline, called HUG Pipeline is  a low cost system because it is extruded seamlessly directly into a prepared trench. The diesel system, B, is required to provide energy for the heat required in the extrusion process.

The HUG Pipeline require little or no huge water pumps. This water pipeline, encourages a laminar flow with little or no friction.  This old straight pipeline system requires several expensive large dimension water pumps and water reservoirs along its pathway.

WATER FOR LIFE

People often have to drill hundreds of meters before they reach water, and well after well is running dry. Within a generation, it will all be gone. Groundwater is being depleted in other parts of the world, too: problems are already occurring in Peru, Mexico, and even the United States.

The shortfall in agricultural water is already making itself felt. According to the United Nations, the list of countries in water crisis runs to twenty major countries, including Kenya and Algeria. Rivers are drying up as well. Lots of major rivers around the world no longer make it to the ocean. The water table is falling by as much as 10 meters a year in some countries.

The survival of the human race in the next millennium will be tied to the success in managing fresh water. It’s not a matter of scarcity. There is enough drinking water for everyone. The problem is one of quality: People don’t die of thirst; they die from drinking water that’s not safe.

The failure by government to provide water through irrigation projects has been cited as one of the biggest bottlenecks small scale farmers are facing. 

MAGIC OF IRRIGATION
MAGIC OF IRRIGATION

The intensification of small-scale irrigation is now one of the most important tools that Africans should give priority to over the next few decades. In fact, irrigation farming can be remunerative: 275%.

Irrigated Potential of Cultivated Area

42,500,000 ha Eastern Africa: 2% of cultivated area is under irrigation with 88% surface irrigation and only 0.3% localized irrigation:

  • Sudan           4,800,000 ha
  • Kenya          3.65% Localized Irrigation: 2,000 ha   Mainly: coffee
  • Tanzania     5.3% Localized Irrigation: 0 ha    Mainly: rice
  • Zambia        3.2% Local Irrigation: 5,600 ha  Mainly Sugar Cane
  • Zimbabwe 3.7%  Localized Irrigation: 13,800 ha Mainly Wheat
  • Uganda     0.5%   Localized Irrigation: 0 ha Mainly rice

*The African Development Bank intended to construct 10 medium scale and 50 small scale irrigation schemes across Uganda

Today, the water needed for irrigation in Africa would have to be 25 to 50 times greater if full irrigation were to take place. That means a more efficient irrigation system like the HUG.


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The HUG is capable of transferring irrigated water at great distances especially in remote areas without the use of electricity or diesel oil: because of the efficiency of the spiraling pipeline, which creates a laminar flow as opposed to turbulent flow found in straight pipeline.

HUG MAGIC OF IRRIGATION

Estimates on annual average costs of operation and maintenance are of US$395 of small motorized pump irrigation vs. HUG Irrigation: no recurring costs of gasoline or electricity.

The HUG Energy system can be added to generate power in remote, off-the-grid locations.As Irrigation Begins…

HUG MAGIC OF IRRIGATION
HUG MAGIC OF IRRIGATION: 41,000 Ha
HUG MAGIC OF IRRIGATION
HUG MAGIC OF IRRIGATION

Low productivity leads to low income, which leads to low ability to purchase nutritious foods, leading to low capacity for work, and hence to low productivity. Our innovative HUG irrigation will encourage mixed farming, which will encourage farmers to grow produce for nutritious foods. The larger birth rate can at least be controlled with adequate food. Most of the diseases and resulting deaths would be quickly eliminated with safe water supplies. Irrigation and water transfer is the game changer. The following costs for irrigation development were estimated:

  • Simple gravity-fed system in lowlands:                     US$150/ha
  • Portable sprinkler systems: Uganda for about US$2,500/ha
  • Localized systems: on-farm installation cost:   US$4,000/ha
  • The HUG Irrigation and Electricity System*:       $1,540/ha             

The HUG Irrigation Project

The concept of an Agro-forestry farm allows the farmer to support herself with crops while the trees of an orchard eventually become productive between 3 to 5 years: 

Please Note: another calculation of NPV of fruit trees living for 25 years = $0.49/tree  plus $1.00/tree for maintenance: $1.49/tree. (Fruit trees are productive for 25 years and then are replaced.)

Phase 1

  • Net Present Value/tree to absorb carbon emissions over a 50 year span: $2.59 (NPV) at $15/ton of CO2
  • Size of Acreage of rectangular African farm: 1.5 acre: 132’ x 270’
  • 500 Trees on a small African farm (365 fruit, nut and nitrogen fixing/foliage trees and 135 foliage trees to act as a fence): 13 rows of 28 trees less 30% of farm for living space and roads
  • 50 Replacement trees required during the lifetime of orchard
  • 135 foliage trees support one cow and several goats.
  • Number of 1.5 acre African Farms: 227 farms to support rabbit-fish colony farm
  • The Cost of the Tree Nursery and Rabbit Fish Farm: $210,000

Phase 2: 1 HUG Water Tower

  • The Cost of the HUG Irrigation System: $7,000,000 beside a decommissioned dam.
  • Trees required to support Irrigation System & Tree Nursery: $7,000,000/$2.59 (NPV) = 2,700,000 trees
  • The HUG Irrigation System will support 5,400 acres of land: 3 miles x 6 miles or 2,188 ha.
  • Period of time to produce 270,000 seedlings: 1 year at 50,000 seedlings every 2 months.
  • Number of 1.5 acre African Farms: 3,600 farms to support the HUG Irrigation System
  • Simple gravity-fed system in lowlands: US$150/ha: $330,000
  • Simple gravity-fed system in lowlands: US$90/farm supported by                                        275% crop improvement

Phase 3: 1 less expensive HUG Water Tower (because of mass production)

  • The Cost of the Irrigation and Electrical System: $5,000,000 beside a decommissioned dam.
  • Trees required to support Irrigation System & Tree Nursery: $5,000,000/$2.59 (NPV)= 1,900,000 trees
  • The HUG Irrigation System for 3,800 acres: 1 mile (3.8 km) x 4.2 (7.6 km) miles or 1,538 ha.
  • Number of 1.5 acre African Farms: 2,500 farms to support the HUG Irrigation System

Phase 4: 1 Micro Irrigation System

  • The Cost of the Irrigation and Electrical System: $5,000,000 beside a decommissioned dam.
  • Trees required to support Irrigation System & Tree Nursery:                                                      $5,000,000/$2.59 (NPV) = 1,900,000 trees
  • The HUG Irrigation System for 3,800 acres: 1 mile (3.8 km) x 4.2                                                                                       (7.6 km) miles or 1,538 ha.
  • Number of 1.5 acre African Farms: 2,500 farms to support the     HUG Irrigation System

Eight areas of 3,600 farms of 2,188 ha (5,400 acres) 1.5 acre farms

  • HUG Pipeline (.25 m diameter) 190 km x 10,000         1,900,000                                       
  • Smallest Pipeline (.10 m diameter) 50 km x $10,000     500,000                                
  • 8 Water tanks @ $2,000 & 2 Water tanks @ $25,000       66,000                            
  • Drip Irrigation at $220/ farm x 2,500 farms                        550,000                                                                                                                                           
  • Connectors                                                                                              $50,000

Micro Irrigation System                                                                 $3,066,000    

  • Cost per Farmer: $3,066,000/3,600 farms = $833: payable in 3 years: $833/3 = $277/year or $92/ harvest directly to school fees
  • Carbon Tax Fund Subsidy: $2.59/tree x 500 trees/1.5 acres = $1,295 @ 20% of the total cost: $277/year

Irrigation & Electricity:

Phase 5:  Five River HUGs & One HUG Water Tower: 

  • The Cost of the Irrigation and Electrical System: $30,000,000 beside a river or rapids.
  • The HUG Irrigation System will support 22,800 acres of land: 6 mile x 25.2 miles or 9,228 ha.
  • Number of 1.5 acre African Farms: 15,000 farms to support the HUG Irrigation System
  • Trees required for Irrigation System & Tree Nursery: $30,000,000/$2.59 = 11,600,000 trees
  • Alternatively the Return on Investment of selling electricity:
  • The Formula for Velocity at the Acceleration of Gravity: (Velocity)2 = 2 x g x s (Height or distance)Acceleration of Gravity, g = 9.81 m/sec          Height = 5.7 mAn object dropped from a height of 5.7 m using the above formula:(2 x 9.81 x 5.7 height = 10.62 ) Velocity = 10.6 m/sec
  • The Formula for Kinetic Energy is  KE = ½ x  A x V 3 x (35%) efficiency (A = area swept; V=Velocity).  The area of the throat of the HUG is 3.26 m2  KE = ½ x  3.26 m2 x (10.6)3 x .35 (efficiency) = 0.685 MW
  • Phase 2:  HUG Decommission Dam$7 million Carbon Tax Subsidy for 0.685 MW:                     Additional Income:  $810,000 @ $0.15/kWh                           
  • Phase 5:  HUG River ElectricityTotal Cost: $30,000,000 less $7,000,000 carbon tax subsidy: $23,000,000$30 million Investment for 0.685 MW: ($1,620,000/$23,000,000) = 7% Return on Investmentyear @ $0.30/kWh

                                                                         ADDITIONAL AGRO-FORESTRY FUNDING

  • An injection in funding from the World Bank or USAid can reduce this by 100%
  • A Carbon Tax Fund  for our Agriforest Project:

Break even point

Look closely: the total cost is recovered in 3 years and its income is doubled after another 3 years. 

We start with a charitable fund of $5,000 to be applied to 100 ha or $50/ ha. This Micro Finance Loan at 8.5%/year will be repaid at the end of the harvest after four months.

The pay back history of this loan is close to 95%. That means that this same $50 continues to work on additional lands. This growth is phenomenal after the break-even point at 3 years: see the graph above: $50 earning in the third year at  $7.53 (59 trees); $26.95;$39.31;$56.94;$73.73;$89.72;$104.94 and in the tenth year: $101.72

The above calculations are based on $15.00 per ton of carbon emissions, but this tax will change. One Carbon Tax Consulting Company said that if reforms would be adopted, there would be considerable upward pressure on prices, resulting in European carbon prices of $20 a ton in 2020, rising to $35 a ton in 2030.

This calculation will NOT include income streams from other values created by this new forest project. The produce from the trees are reserved for the women farmers and their families.  In fact, irrigation farming can be remunerative: 275% crop improvement.

HUG REMOTE ELECTRICITY

This HUG Irrigation System comes with an electricity component at $0.05-$0.06/kWh in a remote part of Africa.

*Providing 5,500,000 Kwh of which only 90,000 Kwh will be used initially. The remaining power can be made available to 125,000 households or a multitude of schools, hospital, food processing.

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We believe:

  •  that innovation in water distribution is the solution, like the new HUG product, which doesn’t use a dam. The “water crisis” is also a problem of finance to manage water resources and irrigation services.
  • The transmission of this electricity can then be sent to local slow moving water sources, which will then be used large pumps to irrigate large tracks of land, over many miles.
  • Farmers can borrow small sums of money for seed, fertilizer and land rental on a short term basis. They will have access to new fresh water and a low cost micro fertigation (fertilizer in the irrigation systems) for their farms and they will have three season/year of farming.    
  • Excessive bore hole drilling is not the only answer. Upwards of 75% of the population of Africa use ground water as their main source of drinking water; yet groundwater accounts for only 15% of the continent’s total renewable water resources. In fact, it is stressing  limited ground water resources. 

HUG SOLUTION

Our Plan includes support for women farmers with Micro finance and the new HUG Irrigation .MicroFinance Logo

  • The requirements to receive a loan: Women farmers and their families must be living below the poverty line, located in a community with a LIVING WATER MICROFINANCE Inc. branch and willing to create or join a five member group of like-minded individuals who want to start or expand their own farms. No credit score, collateral, guarantors, or bank account is required.The average loan is around $300 for seed at reasonable rates: 8.5%/year (not including inflation), which is one of the lowest in the microfinance world. This is not like some micro loan companies, which charge 15%24%/year. Repayment is made at the end of the harvest.

MORE INTERNAL LINKS

LIVING WATER FOR LIFE

Water is at the core of sustainable development. Water and economic development are closely associated. A water-secure world is more than a goal unto itself. It is a critical and necessary step towards a sustainable future. Water is a central pillar of sustainable economic growth.

AGROFORESTRY: CLIMATE ADAPTATION

Agroforestry could contribute to climate adaptation.  Agroforestry will attract more attention in global agendas on climate change mitigation because of its positive social and environmental impacts.

GLUT OF CARBON DIOXIDE TACKLED

According to a 2011 report, somewhere between 52%-65% of green house gasses are carbon from fossil fuels, and 15% resulting from deforestation. Yet, how else can we help rid ourselves of the glut of C02?

We sell agroforestry to the African farmer as adaption first and mitigation as a bonus.

MORE WATER TRANSFER APPLICATIONS 

WATER TRANSFER: AFRICA  HUG is a patented water transfer system that will literally change the face of our world as we know it because water can be piped over much longer distance through the ocean.

AFRICA HYDRO & IRRIGATION:

MORE DETAILS:

Agroforestry could help solve Climate Change.

 HELPING SOLVE WORLD’S CARBON POLLUTION

New Trees are the only solution to soaking up Carbon Dioxide:

Tree Growth

A Full Scale Aquaponic Tree Nursery in Africa supported by:

  1. A Micro Hydro Electric System: no dams: HugENERGY.us
  2. An Irrigation System: NORTHydro.com
  3. A Rabbit and Fish Farm: AfriCAPITALISM.us
  4. An Agroforestry Intercrop System: LivingWaterIs.com
  5. The Charitable Arm: SunnyUp.net
  6. God’s Loveletters:  Godloveletters.com
  7. Thunder of Justice: ThunderofJustice.com
  8. https://twitter.com/roaudet

OUR STRATEGY

Stage 1     Agricultural Mechanization of Africa                        
Stage 2   Today’s Tall Trees Nursery: Carbon Tax Fund 
Stage 3   Micro Finance & Landlord Cooperatives 
Stage 4   Irrigation in Remote Areas using kinetic energy from moving water.
Stage 5   Electricity Created in Remote Areas using moving water without the use of a dam.

Here is how we begin our REVOLUTION.

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One thought on “HUG IRRIGATION”

  1. By most accounts, the water transfers and changes in patterns of water use in the upper Rio Grande basin would be characterized as economically efficient. They reallocate water from low-value crop production or meadow irrigation to more valuable second-home de-

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