unsecure property rights Africa

Insecure Property Rights in Africa 2

 PROPERTY RIGHTS AND OUR MISSION:  

Our mission is to be the best in the world in micro hydro electric and water resource management: by evolving innovative damless hydroelectric and water transfer technology. We create Today’s Tall Tree Nurseries to support Micro Finance for women farmers and their families using the Carbon Tax Fund, a new form of foreign aid. We export Mechanization into Africa for more productive agriculture. We insist on Property Rights in Africa.

According to a recent article in the Economist, property rights are still miserably insecure in Africa. Legally recognizing land ownership has boosted farmers’ income and productivity in Latin America and Asia. But this is not the case yet in Africa. More than two-thirds of Africa’s land is still under customary tenure, with rights to land rooted in communities and typically neither written down nor legally recognized. In 31 of Africa’s 54 countries, less than 5% of rural land is privately owned. So giving peasants title to their land seems like an obvious first step towards easing African rural poverty.

In Rwanda, 81% of plots had been issued with titles since 2013, at relatively low cost; investment and women’s access to land have both improved. But even a relatively well-organised place like Rwanda has had problems keeping records up to date when land is sold or inherited.

Your Property Rights? Prove it!

In some African countries, less than 10% of households have any documents proving their land ownership. Being able to prove you own your land may be a necessary condition for using it as collateral.

In Kenya a large-scale titling programme was carried out in colonial times and carried over to independence. Most Kenyans cannot afford to update titles, and the government has not maintained the registry.

In Ethiopia, all land is still officially state-owned. The government has successfully registered customary rights in some regions: about 30% of Ethiopian households now have such documents. But it has also leased large tracts of land to foreign investors.

Legal property rights offer less protection in countries where big men can flout the law with impunity—a particular problem in Africa. Traditional chiefs have also sold communal land to private firms, leaving many peasants destitute. In Ghana chiefs have used their right to administer communal land to sell large tracts without their community’s permission. Property rights are even less respected in Zimbabwe. In recent years land grabs have sometimes made a mockery of customary ownership. Over the past decade and a half, Robert Mugabe’s government has seized most of the country’s commercial farms with little or no compensation.

In several places custom dictates that only men can inherit land. In Uganda stories abound of widows being ejected their marital land by in-laws. One woman was thrown out of her home a week after her husband died in an accident; she had refused to marry any of his five brothers, and her children were taken away to a sister-in-law.

A land survey in Africa among farmers revealed that it was the chief who owned all the lands. When the surveyors told the chief that he owned a lot of land, he explained them: This is not my land; we got it from our ancestors and have to duty to maintain it in a good state and hand it over to our children and grandchildren.

The ideal should be on clear transparent contracts on land use that cover a life span sufficiently long enough to harvest the benefits of investments done and in which the rights of use can be inherited.

Land today is more valuable than ever: how do you make the land equally available to all citizens?

Many economists have argued for a land-value tax, which could be used to make the property market more efficient: a system that is responsible, fair and sustains growth. The basics of Land Value Taxation is reclaiming commonly created wealth with land taxes to pay for common services, leaving what a person earns in his pocket.

land-tax5Land prices mainly reflect location: farmers may till the soil, or drain it, but most increases in land’s value come from the activity of other people. Landowners, in other words, enjoy unearned income from the benefits of other people. Much of the land is owned by these few landlords, and it is shared unequally away from the very people who are in a position to create more value from the land, even the scrubby small piece of land that is presently unused. The value of this unused land will eventually return to the community at large.

In an agricultural land the value of the land is dependent on fertility and ease of farming. Afterwards the value of land increases with access to irrigation and electricity. It also increases with increase access to markets by roads until a community of businesses begin. The urban land becomes more valuable, but a lot of this land is held vacant for speculation and non-productive, called “land banking”.

The system of taxation is an important driver for the economy. In many African countries, government spending is much higher than taxation and they must battle a deficit. This is compounded by a lack of private investment and a lack of jobs.

Landlords would then maximize the land’s profitability – not the land’s size. This would lead to more scope for newcomers to make a start in farming. It encourages land to come forward for development.

But why not tax it? In a book called “Progress and Poverty”, published in 1879, George argued that land-value levies should replace all other taxation, leaving labour and capital to flourish freely, and thus ending unemployment, poverty, inflation and inequality.land-tax3

Instead they may even stimulate economic activity, by penalising those who hoard land and keep it idle. The tax drives the land price down—theoretically even to zero—until someone finds a use for the land.

Rich people tend to own a lot of land, poor people very little. For that reason it wins favour with economists who worry about inequality. This is all about people and the value of people.

When public investment improves the value of a site—for example by building a new road nearby—the benefit comes back to the community in the form of higher tax receipts, rather than ending up as a windfall in the pockets of the owners. Taxing the unearned income that landowners enjoy should curb the boom and bust cycle in land prices.

Other economists like it too. Adam Smith said “nothing could be more reasonable”; Milton Friedman termed it “the least bad tax”. Land value taxes transfer wealth from producers to non-producers by doing away with dead weight losses i.e., mis-allocation, overconsumption, under occupancy, vacancy and land banking. This is very bad for inequality, inefficiency and environmental damage. So this is not the least bad way, but it is a good in itself.

The biggest problem is that to raise money and change behavior, the rate of land-value taxation may need to be quite high. This arouses furious opposition from landowners, in most countries a potent lobby, see it as highly unfair. They have got used to enjoying their rents and object to their sudden socialization. Yet, a land tax need not be implemented overnight. It could be phased in, which would mean market signals would start working before the levies were actually paid.

In fact, the first stage of LVT could begin with rural lands of which many lands are non-productive. Lands on which taxes owed and not paid will revert to the government that can eventually lease the land as a form of taxes on the basis of an auction. Those lands in Africa are owned by the community that are administered by the chiefs can be exempted, and if these lands are sold to investors, there is a LVT to pay. Leasing these lands would be another matter. The leasing charges would be supplemented with a LVT.land-tax6

If you tax work, you are going to get less work. Taxing production (wages) and trade (VAT) is real dumb idea for an economy, discouraging hard work and production. And collection is cheap. LVT does not change business behavior. This is not socialization at all, but it is stopping legalized theft. The landowner is appropriating commonly created wealth, wealth they never created. The more LVT rises, the less taxes on your wages.

Today we still want to support stewards who redistribute land value back to the wider community, like church lands. We also want to preserve the natural habitat because they benefit human life in the long run, while waiting for a natural form of development.

This is all about a tax shift and not an additional tax. Though nobody likes extra taxes, new land-value levies could be matched by cuts in other taxes, especially those paid by poor people. In fact, most other taxes could be effectively eliminated or reduced, including reduced income tax and VAT (Value Added Taxes).  All the staff that is required to monitor these taxes can also be reduced. This translates to more productive use of available funds from lower taxes based on productive lands.

African governments need to consider an alternative strategy of capturing land value on an annual revenue basis for government in order to deal with the shortfall in government revenue. If billions of dollars of taxes is evaded, these governments must look at a different way to collect taxes. Land cannot be hidden in off-shore banks. Land value tax is hard to avoid. If you do not pay, it can be seized and sold. Tax evasion could not happen because the land is not mobile.

How the world would change if landlord monopoly privileges were finally removed. Yet until its benefits are convincingly displayed, few weak politicians will feel like risking the wrath of the landowning lobby.land-tax2

The problem is that this form of taxes is all encompassing and it is difficult for legislators to get their head around in and have the political courage to change. The reality is that the present system is not working and there is simply no other alternative.  Legislators fear it because they can’t believe that this one single tax could have such a wide impact. They must know that in time this LVT system will in time create a surplus and facilitate progress.

They only have to look at the success stories of other countries which have currently implemented LVT in Denmark, Hong Kong, Singapore, and Taiwan; it has also been applied in sub-regions of Australia (New South Wales), Mexico (Mexicali), and the United States (Pennsylvania).

Developed countries can muddle along because they have a lot of excess capital even though the more efficient countries, like Denmark, have experienced dramatic improvements in their GNP (Gross National Product), because of their decision to use Land Value Taxes. But undeveloped countries cannot afford to muddle through!

What kind of Africa do you want to live in?

LEASING & PROPERTY RIGHTS

No matter how big the land is, the landlord will receive $1000/year or monthly leasing payments of $89/month for a period of ten years as part of a 50 year lease and the remainder will be paid in the form of an offer to purchase on the anniversary date of the tenth year. If land is valued at $200/ha for 1000 ha, the total selling price of the land will be $200,000 less $10,000 = $190,000.

To illustrate how the selling price of the land changes because of a larger piece of land or 10,000 ha, the landlord will still receive the same monthly leasing payments of $89 for ten years, but the value of the offer to purchase increases to $2,000,000 less $10,000 = $1,990,000

Alternatively, this same land will be transferred to the new owner after ten years in exchange for a mortgage (which will act as a pension) in our two examples of $190,000 or $1,900,000  at the annual interest rate of 5% for monthly payments of $1,105 or $11,050 for a period of 25 additional years.

This will apply to landlords which are governments, only the leasing charge can be considered a form of tax.

MORE DETAILS:

 HELPING SOLVE WORLD’S CARBON POLLUTION

New Trees are the only solution to soaking up Carbon Dioxide:
Tree Growth

Let us analyze the average of ten polluting power plant: 20 million tons/year.  In 10- 15 years it will be polluting at the rate of 200 (20 x 10 years) to 300 (20 x 15 years) million tons/year.  During the same period of time our agroforest will soak up: 1.09 billion to 1.5 billion tons CO2 emissions. That translates into allowing 5 to 5.5 polluting power plants in the United States to adjust to more sustainable power systems over 10 – 15 years. We can identify ten landscapes for our agroforest efforts, which will address 50 to 55 polluting power plants. 

MORE DETAILS

AFRICAN MIDDLE CLASS A country cannot grow with only a rich class and a poor class! It is acknowledged that many living on US$2 to US$4 a day could easily slip back into poverty.

ALLEVIATING ENERGY POVERTY The poorest fifth of the world pays one-fifth of the world’s lighting bill – but receive only 0.1% of the lighting benefits

WATER TRANSFER & IRRIGATION: Mountain Water Transfer: the Secret to Longer Life

OUR STRATEGY

Stage 1     Agricultural Mechanization of Africa                              
Stage 2   Today’s Tall Trees Nursery: Carbon Tax Fund 
Stage 3   Micro Finance & Landlord Cooperatives 
Stage 4   Irrigation in Remote Areas using kinetic energy from moving water.
Stage 5   Electricity Created in Remote Areas using moving water without the use of a dam.

IMPORTANT LINKS:

  1. A Micro Hydro Electric System: no dams: HugENERGY.us
  2. An Irrigation System: NORTHydro.com
  3. A Rabbit and Fish Farm: AfriCAPITALISM.us
  4. The Charitable Arm: SunnyUp.net
  5. Living Water Micro Finance: LivingWaterMicroFinance.org
  6. Thunder of Justice: ThunderofJustice.com
  7.  Deliverance Is: Deliveranceis.com
  8. God Love Letters: GodLoveLetters.com

     https://twitter.com/roaudet

Christianity and Hinduism Differences

BILLIONS OF CHRISTIANS CAN’ T ALL BE WRONG!

Christianity is not a philosophy, but it is  a relationship with God, your Creator,  in Christ TODAY. It is not knowledge of abstract principles.  

HOW DO WE KNOW THIS?

1. DELIVERANCE?

Some Christian disciples use deliverance to deliver away evil spirits influencing people. These evil spirits cause depression, addictions and illness through all forms of stress. 

2. COMPLETE SENSE OF PEACE?

After you have been delivered from evil influences, you will have a definite physical experience of a complete sense of peace.

3.  HEALING?

Once you experience a physical sense of peace because of deliverance, you know that you will be healed. This helps you build up your faith, which is very crucial: No faith! No healing!

Some Christian disciples have the gift of healing.   Only the Name of Jesus Christ makes healing and deliverance possible.

THE WHOLE FAMILY BENEFITS

In the end, one Christian conversion will benefit the whole family.  The gifts of the Holy Spirit of healing and deliverance will help the whole family. A prayer of deliverance of evil spirits will leave any member of the family with a complete sense of peace immediately. A prayer of healing from a Christian disciple produces 80% healing. The remaining healing comes from continued prayer of praise and thanksgiving until all the healing is complete. This healing comes from the Holy Spirit through the power in the Name of Jesus Christ.  No other god or deity or doctor uses this power. This proves the TRUTH OF CHRISTIANITY. 

ASTONISHING PREDICTIONS

God divinely inspired the BIBLE . How do we know? Each of eight accurate predictions  shows a high probability mathematically. The probability of one individual fulfilling eight prophecies have odds of 1 in 10 17  (1 in 100,000,000,000,000,000). Jesus Christ fulfilled all prophecies, therefore the Bible MUST BE TRUE. 

DIVINE OR HUMAN CALIPHS

The Old Testament indicates another 40 astonishing predictions.

CHINA DECEASED RELATIVES

Christianity experiences stunning growth—from approximately 3.8 million adherents in China in 1956 to an estimated 87 to 100 million Christians today.

CHINA AND THE HOLY SPIRIT

Chinese Religion God

AN EXPERIMENT OF GOD’S TOUCH 2

HOW IS JESUS STILL ALIVE TODAY?

Jesus is alive today! He heals today (through His followers) and in many cases it is realized immediately. How else can you explain the explosion of Christianity, the world’s largest religion, on earth: 2.2 billion adherents, nearly a third (31 percent) of all 6.9 billion people on Earth. 

Christians know and feel His Presence; they communicate with Him personally; Christian prayers are always answered.

This author has been given the Gift of Healing only because he is a Christian Lay Missionary, who travels  two to three places every year. On his last trip to Columbia he successfully transferred his Gift to his Spanish translators, who were able to heal as he did. He has healed Muslims to their great surprise.

He also delivers away evil spirits along with their healing. All those who are delivered from evil spirits feel a complete physical  sense of peace.

DREAMS AND VISIONS

God can give a message to those non-Christians to change their heart.  God knows faith will be developed eventually. God will come to you in the form of dreams or visions. So be sensitive to any dreams or visions, when you ask God for it earnestly.

NEAR-DEATH EXPERIENCES 2

PROOF OF HEAVEN 2

Is the BIBLE true? 2

HAVE YOU EVER WONDERED HOW TO BECOME A CHRISTIAN?

god proof

  • Christians don’t shout, “I live a clean life!” Christians whisper “I feel  lost, but now God found me and God forgives me.” 
  • Christians don’t speak with pride. They confess that they stumble and need Christ to be their guide.
  • Christians don’t say,” I’m strong.” They say they try to be strong because they need strength. 
  • Christians don’t brag about success, but they admit that they fail and they need God to clean the mess.
  • Christians don’t claim to be perfect, but God still believes in them.
  • Christians still feel the sting of pain. They have their share of headaches but they still call upon His Name.
  • Christians are not holier than others. They are simple sinners who receive God’s unbelievable Grace.

Christianity on a Table Napkin:

Deliverance EVIL SPIRITS

“If you declare with your mouth, ‘Jesus is Lord,’ and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved.”                                                                                                                                     Romans 10:9

The real Jesus is the Christ, the Son of the Living God. He was send by God to come to the earth in the body of a human being. That was, so that He could suffer in the flesh, and take all our sins upon Himself and die in our place. He rose from the dead and lives to pray for us daily.
He is the Savior – The angel announced to Mary; …and you shall call His name JESUS: for He shall save His people from their sins.     Matthew 1:21  It means He has the power to free us, save us and deliver us from sin. He is merciful and has the power to forgive. He brings good news to the poor, heals the heart-broken, announce freedom to all captives, pardons all prisoners. He comforts mourners. He has healing in His hands.
To receive Jesus as your Savior… SAY:

Lord Jesus, You are the Christ, the Son of the Living God. Please hear me today and help me! I want to receive You as my Lord and Savior. Be Lord of my life!  Lord Jesus, I believe that You died for me and that God raised You from the dead. Forgive me all my sins and take all my sins away. Come into my heart and be my Savior and Lord, and fill me with Your Holy Spirit. Amen
Your life will begin to change in an amazing way. Without expecting  anything, be sensitive to any dreams or visions. 

God the Father will wipe every tear from our eyes, and there shall be no more death or mourning, crying out or pain. We will be like Him, for we will see Him as He is The Holy Spirit will have made all things new. Eternal joy will begin.  “For the Mighty One has done great things for me— holy is His name.”                                                     Luke 1: 49

Are we not like Barabbas who was justly condemned for murder, but saved by the innocent Jesus on the cross? Are we not like the adulterous woman, deserving of death by stoning, to whom Jesus says, “I do not condemn you”?  And Jesus saved them both. In fact, Jesus came to earth specifically to look for and save those who were lost, like you.

“Come now, let us settle the matter,” says the LORD, “Though your sins are like scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they are red as crimson, they shall be like wool”.                                       Isaiah 1:18

You may need some counseling with a pastor, priest or competent Christian worker, who will introduce you to a Short Course on Who is Jesus? Start by reading a short biography of Jesus in  the Gospel of Luke. Read several verses before going to bed and read the same verse upon arising.  He will defend you from attacks of the enemy when you ask Him.

Healing and Deliverance                                                 (Ctrl + Click to follow Link)

Please send this document to others who speak different languages. Ask them to click on the TRANSLATION application called, “SPREAD THE WORD TO OTHER COUNTRIES!” at top of the page.

 

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