Saving Humanity: Reforest the Tropics
Planting trees remains one of the most cost-effective means of drawing excess CO2 from the atmosphere. Therefore, reforesting the tropics will act as carbon sinks, alleviating the greenhouse effect. There are millions of acres of tropical pastures available. When given proper care, orchard tropical trees bear fruit up to 50 years or more.
PLANT MORE TREES around the world — because… trees are carbon storage (sequestration) experts.
The United States has cut down over 50% of its original forests in the last 400 years, which would have absorbed 50% of its carbon emissions. Once carbon dioxide goes into the atmosphere it stays there for a long time. About 33% continues to cause damage after 100 years.
It is estimated by the U.S. Forest Service that all the forests in the United States, combined, sequestered approximately 309 million tons of carbon each year from 1952 – 1992, offsetting approximately 25 percent of human-caused emissions of carbon during that period in the United States.
The world’s forests remove over one quarter (27%) of current annual human carbon emissions from the atmosphere each year, the equivalent of about 2.4 billion tons of carbon according to the latest published scientific research.
The tropical zones of the world seem particularly attractive for forestation because of the high rates of productivity that can potentially be attained there, and because there appear to be large areas of land that would benefit from tree planting.
Young trees absorb CO2 at a rate of 13 pounds per tree each year. Trees reach their most productive stage of carbon storage at about 10 years at which point they are estimated to absorb 48 pounds of CO2 per year and one acre of trees absorbs 2.6 tons of CO2 every year.
For every ton of new-wood growth, about 1.5 tons of CO2 are removed from the air and 1.07 tons of life-giving oxygen is produced.
POSITIVE GROWTH OF TREES IN THE TROPICS
Borial zone trees absorb 0.5 Pg C/yr compared to Temperate zone trees at 0.7 while tropical trees grow at the rate of 1.3 or 185% more efficiently year-round than trees in a temperate zone
Younger and faster growing orchards generally have higher annual sequestration rates and they are given higher personal care of proper fertilizer and water: add a further 25% increase. We conclude there is an additional (185% + 25%) or 210% increase in the value of CO2 absorption.
This map shows solar-induced fluorescence, a plant process that occurs during photosynthesis, from Aug. through Oct. 2014 as measured by NASA’s Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2. This period is springtime in the Southern Hemisphere and fall in the Northern Hemisphere. Photosynthesis is highest over the tropical forests of the Southern Hemisphere but still occurs in much of the U.S. Grain Belt. The northern forests have shut down for the winter.
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (Australia), CSIRO forests researcher Dr Canadell estimate that tropical forest re-growth is removing an average of 1.6 billion tons of carbon per year. Combining the uptake by established and forest re-growth plus emissions from deforestation, the world’s forests have a net effect on atmospheric CO2 equivalent to the removal of 1.1 billion tons of carbon every year.
In terms of cutting emissions a 53% reduction in 2010 emissions is equal to almost 20 Gt of CO2 emissions. For some perspective, global emissions from coal fired electricity generation were about 9 Gt CO2 in 2010.
The larger predictions from climate models are due to the fact that, within these models, the more important greenhouse substances, water vapor and clouds, act to greatly amplify whatever CO2 does. This is referred to as a positive feedback. It means that increases in surface temperature are accompanied by reductions in the net outgoing radiation – thus enhancing the greenhouse warming. … Satellite observations of the earth’s radiation budget verify this fact.
VALUE OF TROPICAL TREES
Moisture created by the rain forests travel around the world. America’s Midwest is affected by the forests in the Congo which is roughly a distance of 6000 miles. Moisture from the Amazon falls as far away as Texas.
The Benefits of Tropical Trees:
- Sequestration year round — no dormant period
- Production of reflective clouds above the forest
- Interception of rainfall: Recycling of gallons of rainwater each year
- 1 billion tons of carbon stored
- Millions of acres of pasture land available
- New orchards increase the profitability of the landowners:$2,400/acre
- New orchards provide food and fodder for animals
- New orchards provide employment and small businesses away from the oversized cities.
- New orchards assist with the fight of famine and drought.
- Large-scale use of biochar: increased mulching of biomass instead of burning.
- Absorption of ozone gases, nitrogen dioxide, sulphate dioxide and particular matter.
What are we to do?
Resistance for conservatives and fossil fuel interests cause the greatest conflict of our times. Even politicians, who are addicted to carbon tax, waste this tax revenue on their favorite hobbies. Those revenues should be used to absorb CO2, which are causing global warming.
We simply can’t function on fossil fuel use of any proportion without wrecking our climate. The issue is how fast we can stop burning fossil fuels. It’s not that we can’t do anything: it we won’t.
We need committed and courageous leaders at the top. We don’t need meekly voting for the so called “lesser evil”.
We need sufficient money to meet these deniers head on. Where are our so called ‘green’ billionaires?
It has been estimated that 15- 36 GtC could be stored in tropical plantations: that translates into 15 – 36 billion trees, with each tree absorbing on ton of carbon over its lifetime. Obviously that goal is too high, but we can aim to plant 7 billion tropical trees, one for every person on earth.
Aside from saving the planet, Are Tropical Nurseries a Good Investment?
Most of the funds would come from the carbon tax that would be used to match private investments. A $100,000 tree nursery (bare bones: $60,000) will be contracted for a payout in the first 25 years of carbon absorption. Afterwards, this revenue will continue to support the tropical country involved and the landlord’s pension.
A well planned tree nursery can grow geometrically. Tree seeds are supported by adequate fertilizer and water. The fertilizer is supported by the rabbit-fish feature of the tree nursery. The HUG Energy System transfers irrigated water long distances from the rivers.
The grass root support comes from women farmers and their families who are given leased lands and nursery stock. Their children are encouraged to begin raising rabbits themselves. Before the orchard trees become productive, they will farm vegetables on land between the small trees. The Today’s Tall Tree Nursery will be located near a technical school in order to train forestry, nursery, rabbit farming and fish farming.
In the drier Sahel part of Africa, biochar techniques are used to introduce carbon for fertilization in the ground
The tropical countries themselves can benefit from a reasonable tax, since they are supporting this venture with business leaders and agronomists. This becomes a new form of foreign aid for the country.
The politicians who love to line their pockets will not have access to any funding. If a tropical country does not wish to cooperate with anti corruption laws, we will simply concentrate our efforts on countries that do.
The administration for these efforts come from a non-profit company, Living Water MicroFinance Inc.
|CO2 sequestration plus a Sink (Reduced CO2 Emissions)||$4.80/tree||Based on absorption figures for a mature deciduous tree with a CO2 trading price of $40.00 per tonne|
Agroforestry could help solve Climate Change.
A Full Scale Aquaponic Tree Nursery in Africa supported by:
- A Micro Hydro Electric System: no dams: HugENERGY.us
- An Irrigation System: NORTHydro.com
- Deliverance Is: DeliveranceIs.com
- An Agroforestry Inter crop System: LivingWaterIs.com
- The Charitable Arm: SunnyUp.net
- God’s Loveletters: Godloveletters.com
- Thunder of Justice: ThunderofJustice.com