Subsistence Farmers Africa


Subsistence Farmers

Consider the livelihoods of the tens of millions of vulnerable subsistence small-holder farmers around the world. In 20 to 25 years we will get to a point in some places that either it will be too hot, too dry, too wet, or too cold for the crops we are planting and you, which will be incredibly disruptive at best.

Over the last two decades, either early or late on set of rainy seasons, unexpected rainfall, declining rainfall, and extreme day and night temperature are common.

According to The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), 75% of the world’s 1.2 billion poor (defined as consuming less than one purchasing-power adjusted dollar per day) live and work in rural areas. 50% of the developing-country rural population were smallholders (farming 3 ha or less of crop land), and ≈25% were landless. The proportion of smallholders in sub-Saharan Africa was higher at 73%. 

Environmental degradation in such tropical dry land areas is widespread, irreversible or appropriately referred to as “desertification”. All this, and other stressors, are seen as contributing to an increased vulnerability to drought, which in turn feeds back in to environmental degradation and conflict. There will be eventual impacts on human development indicators such as health and education.

There is a bright side: increasingly unstable weather in recent years has left many farmers more willing to try new ideas. Many are now open to adapting of using practices like crop diversification, planting date adjustment, soil and water conservation and management, increasing the intensity of input use, integrating crop with livestock and rabbits, and tree planting. Subsistence Farmers

  • ·         Small-holder farmers can shift to irrigated farming in the face of climate variability.
  • ·         Small-holder farmers can hold some wealth in bank accounts, and others use micro finance credit to expand.
  • ·         Small-holder farmers can use supplementary feed for livestock, purchased or lopped from trees in their orchards.
  • ·         Small-holder farmers can engage in rabbit accumulation as a rational form of insurance against drought. 


Why in a “world of plenty” are 20 million people face famine?

“The world produces 17% more food per person today than 30 years ago,” Oxfam Canada stated on its website. “But close to a billion people go to sleep hungry every night. All of this could have been predicted. The warning signs were clearly visible.

Subsistence Farmers
In need: South Sudanese refugees stand in a food line run by World Food Program in Kuluba, Uganda (Feb. 24, 2017).

Politicians are completely overwhelmed by the sheer complexity, size and number of crises in the world at present. We as a species only seems to lurch from crisis to crisis like a drunk.

1.       We have received early-warning and alert signs for drought, food security, and armed conflicts. The role of government and NGOs is imperative. Protecting people, plants and wildlife from dangerous climate disruption requires action NOW.

2.       Relief-workers are not the long-term solution to the growing crisis. We must concentrate on raising agricultural productivity NOW.  We must put in place government-sponsored agricultural and food policies which attract sustainable investments NOW.

3.       Only a government free from the hands of corrupt minds, amoral political leaders, and inept civil servants can bring about real and lasting solutions to humanity’s ever-growing problems—including famine. South Sudan is very fertile: it has few people and masses of land space – and if there was no conflict, there would be no famine. There must be peace NOW.

4.       Sometimes famine is man-made:  only so much humanitarian assistance can be achieved in the absence of meaningful peace and security.  Political crises have triggered famines in sub-Saharan Africa since the 1960s, including those in Ethiopia in 1983-85 and Sudan in 1998. Famine deaths were concentrated in Somalia, where the government was weakest.Subsistence Farmers

Aid must be given immediately but it won’t be. The UN estimates that $5.6bn is needed to address urgent needs. Most of that money was needed yesterday. Yet less than 2% is in the financial pipeline.

Money creates a “Too little too late” mindset where people will always dismiss or otherwise ignore the warnings until such time as there is a crisis that they can longer ignore. In other words, they will continue to ignore the problem until they are forced to address it. It is the ‘Pedestrian Crossing Problem”: no matter how hard a community campaigns for a crossing on a dangerous road, a child has to die before the council puts in a crossing.

Much of that support should be delivered in cash. Putting money in the hands of vulnerable people is far more cost-effective than delivering food. This should be in the form of micro finance.

We have heard the belated alarm bell. The costs to provide famine assistance will skyrocket in the future unless we act NOW.

What are we to do?

Resistance for conservatives and fossil fuel interests cause the greatest conflict of our times. Even politicians, who are addicted to carbon tax, waste this tax revenue on their favorite hobbies.  Those revenues should be used to absorb CO2, which are causing global warming.

We simply can’t function on fossil fuel use of any proportion without wrecking our climate. The issue is how fast we can stop burning fossil fuels. It’s not that we can’t do anything: it we won’t.

We need committed and courageous leaders at the top. We don’t need meekly voting for the so called “lesser evil”.

We need sufficient money to meet these deniers head on. Where are our so called ‘green’ billionaires?

It has been estimated that 15- 36 GtC could be stored in tropical plantations: that translates into 15 – 36 billion trees, with each tree absorbing on ton of carbon over its lifetime. Obviously that goal is too high, but we can aim to plant 7 billion tropical trees, one for every person on earth.

Reforesting the Tropics

Aside from saving the planet, Are Tropical Nurseries a Good Investment?


Most of the funds would come from the carbon tax that would be used to match private investments. A $100,000 tree nursery (bare bones: $60,000) will be contracted for a payout in the first 25 years of carbon absorption. Afterwards, this revenue will continue to support the tropical country involved and the landlord’s pension.

A well planned tree nursery can grow geometrically. Tree seeds are supported by adequate fertilizer and water. The fertilizer is supported by the rabbit-fish feature of the tree nursery. The HUG Energy System transfers irrigated water long distances from the rivers.

The grass root support comes from women farmers and their families who are given leased lands and nursery stock. Their children are encouraged to begin raising rabbits themselves. Before the orchard trees become productive, they will farm vegetables on land between the small trees. The Today’s Tall Tree Nursery will be located near a technical school in order to train forestry, nursery, rabbit farming and fish farming.

In the drier Sahel part of Africa, biochar techniques are used to introduce carbon for fertilization in the ground  

The tropical countries themselves can benefit from a reasonable tax, since they are supporting this venture with business leaders and agronomists. This becomes a new form of foreign aid for the country.

The politicians who love to line their pockets will not have access to any funding. If a tropical country does not wish to cooperate with anti corruption laws, we will simply concentrate our efforts on countries that do.

The administration for these efforts come from a non-profit company, Living Water MicroFinance Inc.


Agroforestry could help solve Climate Change.


New Trees are the only solution to soaking up Carbon Dioxide:

A Full Scale Aquaponic Tree Nursery in Africa supported by:

    1. A Micro Hydro Electric System: no dams:
    2. An Irrigation System:
    3. Deliverance Is:
    4. An Agroforestry Inter crop System:
    5. The Charitable Arm:
    6. God’s Loveletters:
    7. Thunder of Justice:
    9. Deliverance Is:

near death experience


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *