THE TREE NURSERY AND OUR MISSION:
Our mission is to be the best in the world in micro hydro electric and water resource management: by evolving innovative damless hydroelectric and water transfer technology. We create Today’s Tall Tree Nursery to support Micro Finance for women farmers and their families using the Carbon Tax Fund, a new form of foreign aid. We export Mechanization into Africa for more productive agriculture
The Tree Nursery
Mesquite (Prosopis juliflora ) is an N-fixing legume tree, typical of arid and semi-arid regions, growing up to 10-15 m high. The crown is large and the canopy is open. Mesquite is a phreatophyte and has a deep taproot, growing downwards in search of water tables (down to 35 m depth). The value of the tree lies in its exceptional tolerance of heat, drought (8 months and possibly longer) and marginal soils. They may subsequently be inter-cropped with maize.
Prosopis juliflora and its close relative Prosopis pallida are two of the most economically and ecologically important tree species in arid and semi-arid zones of the world.
It is also extremely invasive. Mesquite is considered as a noxious weed in many parts of the world. Grazing of mesquite stands is a way to control its growth: fresh leaves contain about 17-20% protein and their hay contains about 14% protein.
Mesquite wood is a good firewood (it is also called “wooden anthracite”) and produces high-quality charcoal. It is also used for windows, doors and light carpentry.
Pods production begins 3 years after planting. Pods yields may be as high as 10 t/ha/year, average pods yields are 8.7 t/ha/year in the USA and 6 t/ha/year, after 4 years, in Brazil (under good fertilizer levels) where maize only yields 400 kg/ha.
The pods can also be collected and fed to stalled livestock, whole or processed, alone or as part of a ration and fresh or after storage. Processed pods are more digestible and ground pods have a better nutritional value. Processing involves the pounding.
For goats, a diet containing 20% pods improved feed intake, feed conversion and body weight gain without compromising carcass yield or quality. Foliage of Prosopis juliflora is generally unpalatable, however, animals will browse the foliage during dry seasons. The palatability is most palatable for goats. It is possible to use mesquite pods up to 25% without problems in the diets of growing rabbits. Mesquite pod meal is a valuable feed for tilapia.
Mesquite provides shade and shelter and is used in windbreaks and shelter belts along the border of a farm.
The best time to plant NUT TREES was 20 years ago
THE SECOND BEST TIME IS NOW
- A tree maintained over 25 years has a Net Present Value of $0.49/tree based on its capture of carbon dioxide over this lifetime.
- The cost to grow and plant trees in Africa over the long run is another $1.00/tree: additional cost of maintenance: weeding, pruning, mulching, slashing, care against disease and infestations:
- With the support from the Carbon Tax Fund, the Tree Farm is scaleable to produce over 1,000,000 trees in a short time.