Tag Archives: water related diseases

WATER RESOURCES IN HAITI SOLVED 2

Water Resources Haiti

Water resources in Haiti are a major concern.

The lack of adequate safe (potable) water supplies for basic human needs is a significant problem throughout Haiti, although surface and ground water resources are abundant. This situation leads to increased competition for limited resources. Several of the main reasons for this situation are:

  • uneven rainfall distribution;
  • degradation of the watersheds caused by deforestation;
  • rapid growth in urban areas with demand beyond capacity;
  • poor distribution networks;
  • poor water resources management;
  • no single agency responsible for management of water ;
  • lack of adequate data needed to make informed decisions;
  • poor irrigation supply network leading to underdevelopment; 
  • lack of wastewater  treatment and solid waste disposal.

Most of the streams are relatively small and less than 100 kilometers long. With each passing year, the rivers and streams flow more like torrents and less like stable permanent rivers. The largest natural lake in the country is Étang Saumâtre has no outlet, and contains brackish water. Many of the smaller natural lakes that exist throughout the country also contain brackish water. 

ABJECT POVERTY

About 54 percent of the population lives in abject poverty. Based on 1997 estimates, the unemployment rate in a work force of approximately 3.6 million is about 38 percent.

Only 61.7% of the population have jobs but these are the working poor as many make only $3.10 per day. Women are least likely to go to school or have a job. Violence against women is common with 22.8% of women reporting abuse – what of the abuse that goes unreported? Of course the issue of “restavek” children or child slavery persists despite national and international laws. It is a socially accepted norm to sell children ages 5-15 and to make then work for no pay, to deny them the opportunity to attend school and results in children being abused both physically and sexually.

In Cite Soleil – the largest slum in Haiti is 3 square miles and has about 200-300,000 people. Most are unemployed and the vast majority are children. In Haiti 65% of the people are under 25 years old. The children live in extreme hunger and are exposed to gang violence, high risk for HIV/AIDS, no opportunity for an education, no sewer system and rat infestations. On average – nine people live in one shack.

Most people who live in the slums state their biggest fear is violence – especially for women and girls (Haugen and Boutros, 2014). In the slums, this problem is rampant; acts of violence are intentionally hidden, legal protection is non-existent and violence keeps the poor from ever escaping poverty.

Port-au-Prince

Water supply for Port-au-Prince, the most populated area in Haiti, is poor. In 1995 only about 35 percent of the nearly 2.5 million inhabitants had access to the water system. Most receive water only twice a week. The lack of service is attributed to

  • system losses associated with the age of the distribution system and theft of service, estimated at 60 percent;
  •  interruptions in the power supply to the wells and pumps; and
  •  contamination of water sources.

Continue reading WATER RESOURCES IN HAITI SOLVED 2

HUG LOW COST FRESH WATER TRANSFER 2

Based on the vortex or a physical phenomena of the Spiral:

HUG Spiraling Pipeline

WATER TRANSFER AND OUR MISSION:  

Our mission is to be the best in the world in micro hydro electric and water transfer management: by evolving innovative damless hydroelectric and water transfer technology. We create Today’s Tall Tree Nurseries to support Micro Finance for women farmers and their families using the Carbon Tax Fund, a new form of foreign aid. We export Mechanization for more productive agriculture.

Water shortages may not lead to war, but they most certainly lead to food shortages, increased poverty and the spread of disease– followed by social unrest and violence.

Today, the world faces a crisis that only a handful of experts were even vaguely aware of in 1970: climate disruption.

However, evidence suggests that future adaptation will be different and probably more difficult, as resources near depletion at the global scale.

Unfortunately the world has yet to make sustainable efforts to cope with this impending challenge.

The Shortage of Water:  the Water Transfer

There is no question that water is absolutely necessary for human survival. However, over one billion people on Earth already do not have access to a clean water supply. With a growing population, this number will drastically increase, especially as we continue to abuse, pollute, and deplete our current supplies. Water use will increase by 20% between the years 2000 and 2020, and by 2025, 58% of the population is expected to live in countries of low to catastrophic water availability. Even more water will be needed for irrigation as growing regional populations will require increased agricultural production. In the not too distant future, arid lands that are rapidly being developed will not be able to sustain their people or their land use practices.

The warning signs are clear: falling water tables, shrinking rivers and lakes, widespread pollution, creeping desertification.  Something must be done about the coming, and present shortage of water that is occurring on a global scale. We all live downstream.

How much money to solve the water crisis?

Most people are taking a serious look at the numbers within the context of the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) to “reduce by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation by 2015.”

The World Bank offers a range of cost estimates to reach MDG goals. They estimate the cost of reaching “basic levels of coverage…in water and sanitation” to be $9 billion at the low end, and $30 billion a year for “achieving universal coverage” for water and sanitation. Continue reading HUG LOW COST FRESH WATER TRANSFER 2

MOTHER EARTH: Environment Deterioration 2

ENVIRONMENT DETERIORATION  & OUR  MISSION:  

The overall problem involves environmental deterioration. Our mission is to be the best in the world in micro hydro electric and water resource management: by evolving innovative damless hydroelectric and water transfer technology. We create Today’s Tall Tree Nurseries to support Micro Finance for women farmers and their families using the Carbon Tax Fund, a new form of foreign aid. We export Mechanization for a more productive agriculture.

Is the World Indifferent to Us?

We are faced with global environmental deterioration: the urgent need for a radical change.
There is a potential for an “ecological catastrophe under the effective explosion of industrial civilization”

Mother Earth: Environment Deterioration

Ten Upsetting Trends

1. Exposure to atmospheric pollutants produces a broad spectrum of health hazards, especially for the poor, and causes mil¬lions of premature deaths.
2. In many parts of the planet, the elderly lament that once beautiful landscapes are now covered with rubbish. Each year hundreds of millions of tons of waste are generated, much of it non-biodegradable, highly toxic and radioactive, from homes and businesses, from construction and demolition sites, from clinical, electronic and industrial sources. The earth, our home, is beginning to look more and more like an immense pile of filth. These problems are closely linked to a throwaway culture: just reducing things to rubbish.
3. A very solid scientific consensus indicates that we are presently witnessing a disturbing warming of the climatic system.
4. As these gases build up in the atmosphere, they hamper the escape of heat produced by sunlight at the earth’s surface. The problem is aggravated by a model of development based on the intensive use of fossil fuels, which is at the heart of the worldwide energy system. Carbon dioxide pollution increases the acidification of the oceans and compromises the marine food chain.
5. The melting in the polar ice caps and in high altitude plains can lead to the dangerous release of methane gas, while the decomposition of frozen organic material can further increase the emission of carbon dioxide. Things are made worse by the loss of tropical forests which would otherwise help to mitigate climate change.
6. A rise in the sea level can create extremely serious situations, if we consider that a quarter of the world’s population lives on the coast or nearby, and that the majority of our mega cities are situated in coastal areas.
7. Large cities dependent on significant supplies of water have experienced periods of water shortage. Some studies warn that an acute water shortage may occur within a few decades unless urgent action is taken.
8. Many of the world’s coral reefs are already barren or in a state of constant decline. “Who turned the wonder world of the seas into under¬water cemeteries bereft of color and life?”. It is aggravated by the rise in temperature of the oceans.
9. We know that approximately a third of all food produced is discarded, and “whenever food is thrown out it is as if it were stolen from the table of the poor
10. The social dimensions of global change include the effects of technological innovations on employment, social exclusion, an inequitable distribution and consumption of energy and other services, social breakdown, increased violence and a rise in new forms of social aggression, drug trafficking, growing drug use by young people, and the loss of identity.

The Poor

1. Many of the poor have no other financial resources or activities which can enable them to adapt to climate change or to face natural disasters, and their access to social services and protection is very limited.
2. Sadly, there is widespread indifference to such suffering, which is even now taking place throughout our world.
3. Water poverty especially affects Africa where large sectors of the population have no access to safe drinking water or experience droughts which impede agricultural production.
4. Every day, the poor experience unsafe water results in many deaths and the spread of water-related diseases, including those caused by microorganisms and chemical sub-stances. Dysentery and cholera, linked to inadequate hygiene and water supplies, are a significant cause of suffering and of infant mortality.
5. The land of the southern poor is rich and mostly unpolluted, yet access to ownership of goods and resources for meeting vital needs is inhibited by a system of commercial relations and ownership which is structurally perverse.
6. Many professionals, opinion makers, communications media and centers of power, being located in affluent urban areas, are far removed from the poor, with little direct contact with their problems.                                                                                                                                      7.  A deep and melancholic dissatisfaction with interpersonal relations, or a harmful sense of isolation can arise.
8. To blame population growth instead of extreme and selective consumerism on the part of some, is one way of refusing to face the issues.

Weak Responses

These situations have caused sister earth, along with all the abandoned of our world, to cry out, pleading that we take another course. Never have we so hurt and mistreated our common home as we have in the last two hundred years. Continue reading MOTHER EARTH: Environment Deterioration 2