The African Famine Revisited 2

AFRICAN FAMINE AND OUR MISSION:  

Our mission is to be the best in the world in micro hydro electric and water resource management: by evolving innovative damless hydroelectric and water transfer technology. We create Today’s Tall Tree Nurseries to support Micro Finance for women farmers and their families using the Carbon Tax Fund, a new form of foreign aid. We export  African Mechanization  for more productive agriculture and to fight famine.

African Famine

When the rains failed in 1984 it was 16 straight years of meagre rainfall, which was all too much. Most of the sub-Saharan Africa was affected including Ethiopia. The survival of 30 million Africans was in imminent risk. There was yet another crop failure in Northern and Western Sudan.

The lessons learned from these famines are tough ones: droughts are inevitable, while famine is not. It is far better to undertake development programs in advance of climate failure and the most economical use of scarce resources. This means a long term support to avert future tragedies.Untitled-1f

Part of the reason for this tragedy was the need for sustainable development as opposed to the practices of overgrazing and cutting down scarce trees for firewood, which turned fragile lands into near deserts. This evolved into a loss of productive land because of a loss of topsoil through erosion, which is very hard to reverse.

The solution to this problem of imminent climate change means a fundamental change to African economic life and behavior in order to arrest this vicious cycle of poverty. 

A Fundamental Change to African Economic Life

The foreseeable future in Africa is disorder either politically or environmentally. There is a great need for change. Although this destruction is morally repugnant to Africans, the destruction of our environment must be also addressed as an investment in our planet’s future including the stabilizing of carbon emissions.

 In economic terms the destruction of our great forests was historically only valued for their timber and the clearing of land for agriculture. Hence, there was no economic incentive to save the forests.

The Common Good Counts for Very Little.

The national interest used to be a shared value, but wherever you look today in most of Africa the rule of thumb in public life is personal gain – not public good. The common thread in all this is the complete lack of consideration for other people.

It starts with politicians, whether in government or opposition. People go into politics not to serve or make a difference, but line up their pockets. People who are in power or in a position of authority act in their own personal interests, regardless of the impact on others. This same attitude drives the politician who steals money that could be used for a hospital, school or to provide potable water, and stashes it abroad. There is little evidence that this attitude will change anytime soon.

The utter disregard for the larger interests of the country and the people is so embedded in the ruling class, it may take a mass revolt to redress. Africans are not known for staging popular revolts but that may their only salvation. In the meantime, there is a peaceful approach.

An Alternative More Peaceful Approach

There is an alternative approach: the supporting of conscious businesses and their efforts to introduce micro finance.  According to the principle of subsidiary, development should take place closest to the people whom its decision affects. This is why micro finance is so important: it reaches the most vulnerable and in our case the African women farmers. Eighty percent of the labor on these farms is done by women and children, in part because it provides so little income for working-age men. By focusing on women farmer support, the family unit will benefit.

Africa is custodian to important and invaluable ecosystems in the world. There is no question that developing countries must have new resources with the reduction in foreign aid. This can be done by tapping into the carbon tax fund with fruit and nut tree nurseries in order to absorb carbon emissions that are causing global warming.

Global Warming

In October 2006, a report by the leading international economist Sir Nicholas Stern attempted to put a price on this looming catastrophe, and concluded that if nothing is done, the cost of global warming could be 20 percent of GDP or more for the countries of Earth. In other words, this will be the worst economic disaster in history. The primary culprits in global warming are C02 emissions from burning fossil fuels—coal and oil—and deforestation.

Climate change is so urgent an issue that we need all the human ingenuity and energy we can get directed toward its mitigation. If we don’t do something about this, the gases will warm the planet, causing possibly irreversible climate change and global devastation. While we devise ways to cut carbon emissions directly, we can also look to counterbalance the production of those that we cannot immediately prevent by using an equivalent—in this case, the absorption of an equal amount of C02 in Africa, elsewhere from the source of the pollution at a much lower cost.

Strategy to Fight Climate Change

No strategy to fight climate change and inhabit the planet sustainably is going to work without taking trees into account. Deforestation is about 25 percent of the climate change problem. Fifty percent of the world’s original forest cover has been cut down. Since the Industrial Revolution, the figure stands at 33%, or 490 billion tons of carbon dioxide emissions.

What is required is a worldwide emergency program to plant trees in Africa where there is a lot of sun and water and where labor is cheaper as a temporary response to the rising levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. The efficiency of carbon storage for a tropical evergreen as opposed to a temperate coniferous is 257%.  These would act as a ‘carbon bank,’ buying time while society shifted from fossil fuels to renewable energy.

There is no downside to planting too many trees. There is no way of cleaning up these emissions right away. Trees are the only mechanism that we know for capturing atmospheric carbon, and they take years to do their work. Yet, trees are impermanent—they can be neglected, chopped down, catch fire or die of disease. Hence, it is important to have a well-managed fruit or nut producing tree farm with land tenure using natural fertilizer and adequate water.Breakeven chart trees

The Net Present Value  of 100 ha of trees with a nominal cost of $5000 and reporting costs of $750 every 5 years  and verification costs of $2000 every 10 years is $31800 at the price of CO²of $15.

The Net Present Value of each tree ($31,800 ÷825 trees x 100 ha) = $2.59/year (NPV) using the low cost of labor of the tree nursery and maintenance by women farmers on their own land.  The cost of reporting and verification is included. The carbon tax fund requested is $130,000 (50,000 trees x $2.59) every year.

At the moment, there is considerable debate about how you calculate the carbon emissions of carbon absorption of trees, and what constitutes a valid offset.

The first approach involves a cubic meter of a mango tree weighing 0.675 tons or 0.675 kg (675 kg/m3 ÷ 1000 kg/m3 density) of wood stores about one ton (1000 kg) of carbon dioxide.  The gross weight of a mango tree after 50 years of growth = 1.48 tons of carbon dioxide (1 ton/0.675tons) at the carbon tax rate of $15/ton = $22.20/tree (NPV) payable at the rate of $2.22 (NPV) for a 5 year increment, which is audited.The first tree nursery in Africa will produce 50,000 tree seedlings and continue to do so every two months. 

The second approach involves tropical tree plantations of pine and eucalyptus can sequester an average of 10 tons of carbon per hectare per year, according to Myers and Goreau. Therefore, the plantation can sequester an average of 20,000 lbs * 3.6663 = 73,326 lbs CO2/ha/year, or, taking an average of 825 trees per hectare, 88.9 lbs CO2/tree/year (88.9 lbs x 50 years = 2.2 tons) (The ratio of CO2 to C is 43.999915/12.001115=3.6663).  At the cost of $15/ton of CO2 (the reasonable estimate of potential damage from climate change), the Net Present Value (NPV) of one tree/year is $0.67/year (88.9 /2000 lbs x $15) and the same tree during its 50 year lifetime has a NPV of $33.50/tree (50 x $0.67) payable at the rate of $3.35 (NPV) for a 5 year increment, which is audited.

In the third approach, a US electricity company Applied Energy Services (AES) is generally credited with undertaking the first major voluntary carbon offset project. In order to gain regulatory approval for a new coal-fired power plant in Connecticut, AES agreed to fund the planting of over fifty million trees in a scheme operated by the US aid organization Care together with the US Peace Corps and USAID. The scheme, costing $2 million, involved forty thousand small farmers planting pines and eucalyptus that would sequester around 16 million tons of carbon to balance the output of the AES plant over its forty-year lifetime: (16/50) 0.32 tons/tree of COx $15/ton =  $4.80/tree x 2.57 (African Sun)= $12.00/tree (NPV) plus $2.50/additional (more productive 10 years): $14.50/tree (NPV) payable at the rate of $1.45 (NPV) for a 5 year increment, which is audited. (In the last ten years, the cumulative carbon sequestered is 125 tons/acre. Every tree in the last ten years absorbs $0.25/year or $2.50 for the ten year time frame.)

One big difference in pricing is the cost of establishing a tree forest. In the developed world, assuming a commercial discount rate of 10% and a reasonable cost for establishment of $3,000 per hectare, no areas were identified as profitable until a carbon price of $40 per ton of CO₂ was reached. If the tree nursery was started here it would cost $3.63/tree ($3000/825 trees/ha), but the African cost is a fraction of this.

Global Warming Partial Solution

Over the longer term, however, trees may make a modest contribution to emission reductions. Realistically, tree farms would only be part of the solution, so we envision a billion trees, each 50 year old tree has the ability of absorb 1.5 tons of CO2 emissions during its lifetime.

It starts with one tree nursery at a cost of $100,000 and one HUG Irrigation System at a cost of $7,000,000, which will support 5400 acres (2,188 ha). The beauty of this inexpensive solution is that it is scale able:  a billion trees, absorbing 1.5 tons of CO2 emissions during its lifetime will account for 1.5 billion tons of CO2 emissions.

The concept of an Agroforestry farm allows the farmer to support herself with crops while the trees of an orchard eventually become productive between 3 to 5 years, but has a lifetime of only 25 years:

Please Note: another calculation of NPV of fruit trees living for 25 years = $0.49/tree plus $1.00/tree for maintenance: $1.49/tree. (Fruit trees are productive for 25 years and then are replaced.)

Phase 1

  • Net Present Value/tree to absorb carbon emissions over a 25 year span: $1.49 (NPV) at $15/ton of CO2.
  • Size of Acreage of rectangular African farm: 1.5 acre: 132’ x 270’
  • 500 Trees on a small African farm (365 fruit, nut and nitrogen fixing/foliage trees and 135 foliage trees to act as a fence): 13 rows of 28 trees less 30% of farm for living space and roads
  • 50 Replacement trees required during the lifetime of orchard
  • 135 foliage trees support one cow and several goats.
  • Number of 1.5 acre African Farms: 227 farms to support rabbit-fish colony farm
  • The Cost of the Tree Nursery: $100,000

Phase 2

  • The Cost of the Irrigation System: $7,000,000
  • Trees required to support Irrigation System and Tree Nursery: $7,000,000/$1.49 = 4,700,000 trees
  • The HUG Irrigation System will support 8,100 acres of land: 6 mile x 6.75 miles or 2,188 ha.
  • Period of time to produce 270,000 seedlings: 1 year at 50,000 seedlings every 2 months.
  • Number of 1.5 acre African Farms: 5,400 farms to support the HUG Irrigation System

The Irrigation System will not guarantee to stop a drought, but it is guaranteed to prevent famine and tripling of productivity.

Global Demand for Absorbing Carbon Emissions

There is a demand! Offsetting is a rapidly developing industry with considerable innovation and entrepreneurship. If total expected demand is reached, there will be a 29% shortage in compliance in California alone. This results in demand for 25 MMTCO²e of offset credits and just over 200 MMTCO²e cumulative demand by the end of 2020.

Offset CO2

They can come in the form of carbon tax funding of regeneration of forests to act as a sink to offset and absorb C02 emissions, which must be properly managed over the long term. These emissions are usually produced elsewhere where the cost of abating or lessening these emissions would cost much more.

U.S. Forest projects represent the largest technical potential for GHG reductions amounting to 500-750 MMTCO²e by 2020.  The total IFM (Improved Forest Management) potential is financially viable with a $15/tCO²e price and increases to 90% with a $30/tCO²e.

The following graph illustrates the large gap in the need for offset credits and the solution from Forest Management. This gap would be filled by 90% if the price of carbon were to be raised to  $30/tCO²e. Offset CO2 b

Available funding source will have a dual purpose: a solution for solving global warming and a solution to eliminate African famine because of global warming. This is part of the mission for the International Tropic Timber Organization (ITTO), the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Bank – including the World Conservation Union and a hundreds of non-governmental organizations, like the Kenya Green Belt Movement. A number of U.S. utilities including Canada’s Transalta use the CO2 absorptive capacity of tropical forests to offset CO2 emissions much more economically than they could have in their own country. This funding is particularly important at a time when foreign aid is in decline and coming to an end. The donors see their money wasted and they see the recipients still developing a culture of dependence.

Irrigation and Electricity

Untitled-19

Water and Electricity goes beyond being just another business venture: it is an exceptional opportunity to apply sustainable development principles on a real life scale. Look at the 275% gain in productivity shown on the above graph.

Strong incentives need to be introduced to support alternative sources of energy, like the HUG. Electricity is an additional benefit of the HUG Irrigation System. A head of water  is created  from being pumped up into a water tower, that houses an electric generator. Untitled-20“A low-carbon, green energy economy can be and engine of growth for decades to come. And I want Americans to build that future – right here in the United States of America.”  President Barach Obama

This is all about innovation and technology that create jobs and economic prosperity of the future. Both China and Germany have the leading edge of solar and wind energy in the world.

United States and Canada can’t win it if we are not in the race.  They should be among the leaders chasing the dream.

MORE DETAILS:

WATER TRANSFER & IRRIGATION: Mountain Water Transfer: the Secret to Longer Life

 HELPING SOLVE WORLD’S CARBON POLLUTION

New Trees are the only solution to soaking up Carbon Dioxide:

Tree Growth

 

OUR STRATEGY

Stage 1     Agricultural Mechanization of Africa                              
Stage 2   Today’s Tall Trees Nursery: Carbon Tax Fund 
Stage 3   Micro Finance & Landlord Cooperatives 
Stage 4   Irrigation in Remote Areas using kinetic energy from moving water.
Stage 5   Electricity Created in Remote Areas using moving water without the use of a dam.

IMPORTANT LINKS:

  1. A Micro Hydro Electric System: no dams: HugENERGY.us
  2. An Irrigation System: NORTHydro.com
  3. A Rabbit and Fish Farm: AfriCAPITALISM.us
  4. The Charitable Arm: SunnyUp.net
  5. Living Water Micro Finance: LivingWaterMicroFinance.org
  6. Thunder of Justice: ThunderofJustice.com
  7.  Deliverance Is: Deliveranceis.com
  8. God Love Letters: GodLoveLetters.com

     https://twitter.com/roaudet

Christianity and Hinduism Differences

BILLIONS OF CHRISTIANS CAN’ T ALL BE WRONG!

Christianity is not a philosophy, but it is  a relationship with God, your Creator,  in Christ TODAY. It is not knowledge of abstract principles.  

HOW DO WE KNOW THIS?

1. DELIVERANCE?

Some Christian disciples use deliverance to deliver away evil spirits influencing people. These evil spirits cause depression, addictions and illness through all forms of stress. 

2. COMPLETE SENSE OF PEACE?

After you have been delivered from evil influences, you will have a definite physical experience of a complete sense of peace.

3.  HEALING?

Once you experience a physical sense of peace because of deliverance, you know that you will be healed. This helps you build up your faith, which is very crucial: No faith! No healing!

Some Christian disciples have the gift of healing.   Only the Name of Jesus Christ makes healing and deliverance possible.

THE WHOLE FAMILY BENEFITS

In the end, one Christian conversion will benefit the whole family.  The gifts of the Holy Spirit of healing and deliverance will help the whole family. A prayer of deliverance of evil spirits will leave any member of the family with a complete sense of peace immediately. A prayer of healing from a Christian disciple produces 80% healing. The remaining healing comes from continued prayer of praise and thanksgiving until all the healing is complete. This healing comes from the Holy Spirit through the power in the Name of Jesus Christ.  No other god or deity or doctor uses this power. This proves the TRUTH OF CHRISTIANITY. 

ASTONISHING PREDICTIONS

God divinely inspired the BIBLE . How do we know? Each of eight accurate predictions  shows a high probability mathematically. The probability of one individual fulfilling eight prophecies have odds of 1 in 10 17  (1 in 100,000,000,000,000,000). Jesus Christ fulfilled all prophecies, therefore the Bible MUST BE TRUE. 

DIVINE OR HUMAN CALIPHS

The Old Testament indicates another 40 astonishing predictions.

CHINA DECEASED RELATIVES

Christianity experiences stunning growth—from approximately 3.8 million adherents in China in 1956 to an estimated 87 to 100 million Christians today.

CHINA AND THE HOLY SPIRIT

Chinese Religion God

AN EXPERIMENT OF GOD’S TOUCH 2

HOW IS JESUS STILL ALIVE TODAY?

Jesus is alive today! He heals today (through His followers) and in many cases it is realized immediately. How else can you explain the explosion of Christianity, the world’s largest religion, on earth: 2.2 billion adherents, nearly a third (31 percent) of all 6.9 billion people on Earth. 

Christians know and feel His Presence; they communicate with Him personally; Christian prayers are always answered.

This author has been given the Gift of Healing only because he is a Christian Lay Missionary, who travels  two to three places every year. On his last trip to Columbia he successfully transferred his Gift to his Spanish translators, who were able to heal as he did. He has healed Muslims to their great surprise.

He also delivers away evil spirits along with their healing. All those who are delivered from evil spirits feel a complete physical  sense of peace.

DREAMS AND VISIONS

God can give a message to those non-Christians to change their heart.  God knows faith will be developed eventually. God will come to you in the form of dreams or visions. So be sensitive to any dreams or visions, when you ask God for it earnestly.

NEAR-DEATH EXPERIENCES 2

PROOF OF HEAVEN 2

Is the BIBLE true? 2

HAVE YOU EVER WONDERED HOW TO BECOME A CHRISTIAN?

god proof

  • Christians don’t shout, “I live a clean life!” Christians whisper “I feel  lost, but now God found me and God forgives me.” 
  • Christians don’t speak with pride. They confess that they stumble and need Christ to be their guide.
  • Christians don’t say,” I’m strong.” They say they try to be strong because they need strength. 
  • Christians don’t brag about success, but they admit that they fail and they need God to clean the mess.
  • Christians don’t claim to be perfect, but God still believes in them.
  • Christians still feel the sting of pain. They have their share of headaches but they still call upon His Name.
  • Christians are not holier than others. They are simple sinners who receive God’s unbelievable Grace.

Christianity on a Table Napkin:

Deliverance EVIL SPIRITS

“If you declare with your mouth, ‘Jesus is Lord,’ and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved.”                                                                                                                                     Romans 10:9

The real Jesus is the Christ, the Son of the Living God. He was send by God to come to the earth in the body of a human being. That was, so that He could suffer in the flesh, and take all our sins upon Himself and die in our place. He rose from the dead and lives to pray for us daily.
He is the Savior – The angel announced to Mary; …and you shall call His name JESUS: for He shall save His people from their sins.     Matthew 1:21  It means He has the power to free us, save us and deliver us from sin. He is merciful and has the power to forgive. He brings good news to the poor, heals the heart-broken, announce freedom to all captives, pardons all prisoners. He comforts mourners. He has healing in His hands.
To receive Jesus as your Savior… SAY:

Lord Jesus, You are the Christ, the Son of the Living God. Please hear me today and help me! I want to receive You as my Lord and Savior. Be Lord of my life!  Lord Jesus, I believe that You died for me and that God raised You from the dead. Forgive me all my sins and take all my sins away. Come into my heart and be my Savior and Lord, and fill me with Your Holy Spirit. Amen
Your life will begin to change in an amazing way. Without expecting  anything, be sensitive to any dreams or visions. 

God the Father will wipe every tear from our eyes, and there shall be no more death or mourning, crying out or pain. We will be like Him, for we will see Him as He is The Holy Spirit will have made all things new. Eternal joy will begin.  “For the Mighty One has done great things for me— holy is His name.”                                                     Luke 1: 49

Are we not like Barabbas who was justly condemned for murder, but saved by the innocent Jesus on the cross? Are we not like the adulterous woman, deserving of death by stoning, to whom Jesus says, “I do not condemn you”?  And Jesus saved them both. In fact, Jesus came to earth specifically to look for and save those who were lost, like you.

“Come now, let us settle the matter,” says the LORD, “Though your sins are like scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they are red as crimson, they shall be like wool”.                                       Isaiah 1:18

You may need some counseling with a pastor, priest or competent Christian worker, who will introduce you to a Short Course on Who is Jesus? Start by reading a short biography of Jesus in  the Gospel of Luke. Read several verses before going to bed and read the same verse upon arising.  He will defend you from attacks of the enemy when you ask Him.

Healing and Deliverance                                                 (Ctrl + Click to follow Link)

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